Home health care services are provided in a person’s home to assist with an illness or injury. It can be short-term or long-term depending on type of illness. Home health care includes many types of medical services, such as hospice, skilled nursing care, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy. Specialized non-medical home health care includes medical social services, help with activities of daily living (ADL), and patient, and family education. Home care can also include broad social support, such as help with cleaning and laundry, meal preparation, medication reminders, and personal care such as bathing and feeding.
Who Offers Home Care Services?
Home care services are provided by different agencies for the complete care of patients of all ages, including infants and the elderly. Services may include the aforementioned services, but may also include infusion therapy, vaccinations, patient education, wound care, pain management, palliative care, and nutritional therapy. Within these agencies, you will find home care aides and personal care assistants, who provide or help provide home care services.
Who Is A Home Health Aide?
A home health aide helps the patient stay at home while monitoring and recording his condition and providing personal support and services. Some of the functions of a home care aide include monitoring the patient’s physical and mental condition, his consumption and production, and exercise; provide support with cleaning and laundry services, buy and prepare food, and other household requirements; and record the patient’s information in the person’s letter and notify his supervisor of changes or unusual activities. Home care aides are usually supervised by a registered nurse.
Who Are Personal Care Assistants?
Personal care assistants provide companion care, a bit of home cleaning, shopping and food preparation, and help with ADL. They can support their client in the workplace or in the classroom, attend family events or functions, and even travel with their client. They cannot provide medical services such as diabetes care. However, with proper training, they can administer medications and help move patients with limited mobility. Please contact your primary care physician to help determine what is appropriate for you.
What Services Are Offered To Seniors?
At present, various home health care services are offered according to the needs of the seniors. Generally, these services are organized as follows:
- Professional caregivers of a home help service deal with the hygiene of the person, food, clothing, etc.
- Attention to the needs of the household (cleaning, organization of clothes, food, services of meals or laundry at home, etc.).
- Health care such as nursing or medical services.
With this new vision, Home health care services encompass a challenge of offering comprehensive, individual and family care for the chronically ill, immobilized and terminally ill. In order to face this new task successfully, it’s necessary to learn new concepts and, above all, to be trained to use other instruments, so that the same professional can attend to the biomedical and psychosocial aspects and coordinate health and social resources.
We want to emphasize that home care acquires greater importance in the study, diagnosis and intervention of the chronic home patients, since it’s usually elderly, isolated, with poly-pathologies and often immobilized or terminally ill. It’s precisely these patients that help us establish a new approach based on teamwork, doctor and nurse, and family care.